Name________________________ Section _________________ Homeroom_______________
7th Grade Final Exam Review
Overlap: Placing an object in front of or behind another object; creates a sense of space
Value: highlights, shadows (lightness & darkness,) range of grays in an artwork Space: The area around objects
Texture: How surface of an object may feel /appears to feel Blending: mixing two colors together gradually
Line: Path of a point moving through space: examples include vertical, horizontal, diagonal
SHAPES: 2-D objects: Geometric: A two-dimensional, flat figure: examples include circle, triangle, square
Organic or “Free-Form”: two-dimensional irregular figures, curvy –can’t be named
Form: 3-D object that has length, depth and width: examples include a cube, cylinder, sphere, cone, etc..
Commission: When someone hires an artist to create a work of art to their specifications
Medium: The type of material used to create a work of art Ex: graphite, watercolor, crayon, clay…
Primary: (red, yellow, blue) -can be mixed to create all other colors Neutral: include black, white, gray, brown
Complementary: Colors opposite on color wheel ex: Red & Green, Blue & Orange, Yellow & Purple
Analogous: Any Colors next to each other on color wheel ex: red, red-orange, orange…
Warm: These 3 colors: red, orange, yellow Cool: These 3 colors: green, blue, purple
Tint: created when white is added to a color Shade: created when black is added to a color
Viewfinder: A small square cut into a larger paper; used to focus on a smaller area of an image
Tortillion: rolled paper tool used to blend pencil Kneaded: Flexible eraser that is used to erase values
Watercolor: paint that uses water and pigment Oil Pastel: A drawing material similar to a crayon
Acrylic: paint that is permanent, fast-drying & thick that can be easily blended
Art Tools & Printmaking Materials:
Printmaking: Making multiple copies of an image with variation in color; originated in China
Linoleum: printmaking material, man-made material once made for flooring- used to produce relief prints (easier to use than wood)
Screen printing: uses a stencil technique that blocks specific areas of woven mesh, then ink is forced through the open areas of the mesh to produce an image. (Popular on T-shirts)
Brayer: A hard, rubber roller used to apply printing ink to a printing plate
Printing Ink: Usually comes in tubes of different colors; used to coat a printing plate with color
Printing Press: a machine where printing plates and paper are fed through a weighted roller to produce prints
Bench Hook: A device that holds printing plate in place while carving or engraving; hooks onto end of table.
Chisel: Tool often used to sculpt stone sculptures
Relief: printmaking process where the background image is cut away to create raised areas that hold ink
Registration: printmaking process where more than one color of ink is added in different areas of an image; here the artist must line up the plate with the printed image each time they re-print over different areas .Edition: process where artists number their prints; the number may appear on the print with the individual print number as a fraction such as 5/25 meaning that this particular print is number 5 of 25 prints made.
Gyotaku: a style of Japanese print where a fish is used to create the image
Art Time Periods/Styles:
Art Movements / Art Styles: ERA’s and Time Periods & Important Artists of Each Style
Prehistoric: Artworks are the earliest recorded images; many are found on cave walls
Renaissance (1300s-1600s): means rebirth it was a time in history where art, literature, science, philosophy and
Learning were growing in this European city & country and Florence, Italy. The art generally was:
1) Influenced by Classical Greek & Roman works, 2) realistic & religious 3) Used symmetry & proportion
Major Artists of the Renaissance: *remember your FOUR Ninja Turtles
1) Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Famous for “Mona Lisa”, “The Last Supper”, various inventions
2) Michelangelo (1475-1564) Famous for The Sistine Chapel ceiling, “La Pieta” & David
3) Raphael (1483-1520) Famous for “The School of Athens” (perspective painting w/ philosophers)
4) Donatello (1386-1466) Famous for sculptures of various religious figures, (2 David sculptures)
Invention of Camera: 1838- Daguerreotype. Photography Civil War (1861)- 1st to be photographed in US.
Impressionism: began in 1860s France; painted w/ small brushstrokes & various colors to suggest light
Claude Monet (1840-1926): French, famous series of “Water Lilies” and his bridge paintings.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890):Dutch, Heavy brushstrokes, bold color & mood – “Starry Night”
Pointillism: Post impressionist technique using only painted dots & “viewers eyes do the mixing”
Georges Seurat (1859- 1891) French. Known for Pointillism & painted “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of ………….La Grande Jatte””
Cubism: began in the early 1900s in uses very abstract, geometric shapes & multiple points of view
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Spanish artist famous for creating works like: “The Three Musicians”
Surrealism: began in the early 1920s; unexpected images to create surprising and dream-like art.
Salvador Dali (1904-1989): Spanish artist who is famous for works such as “Persistence of Memory”
M. C. Escher: (1898-1972) Holland artist: surrealism, tessellations, infinity, cycle of Life, Metamorphosis
Frida Kahlo: Mexican artist- created symbolic and expressive self-portraits; married to Diego Rivera
Abstract Expressionism: a movement in the early 1940s (after WWII) New York City expressed themselves
Wassily Kandinksy Russian (1866-1944): inspired by music, especially the work of Richard Wagner
Jackson Pollock American NYC (1912-1956): did Action painting: splattered paint onto large canvases
Pop Art: began 1950s in Britain; uses images from popular culture: advertisements, comics & mass culture Andy Warhol (1928-1987): American, Pittsburgh, PA famous for his images of everyday objects like ………….his “Campbell’s Soup Can” and famous people such as Marilyn Monroe
Printmaking Artist Info:
Katsushika Hokusai: Japanese artist was famous for creating the Great Wave Off Kanagawa
Kathe Kollwitz: a German artist and printmaker, created works of art that showed images related to social issues, like poverty, hunger, and war
Salvador Dali & Rene Magritte: two artists part of the Surrealism art movement; Dali is famous for The Persistence of Memory (melting clocks)
Andy Warhol: Pennsylvania artist who was famous for creating images of products, celebrities and other images popular in our culture; part of the Pop Art Movement
Albrecht Durer: German artist who lived during the Renaissance who created prints of religious stories and images from the Bible
Sculpture Artist Info
Sculpture: Shaping figures or designs to be 3D ( 3 dimensional) by chiseling, building, casting, welding…
- 3 main types: in the round, relief (BAS- flat on one side) and assemblage
** Be able to describe different sculptures we talked about in art class
Alexander Calder: a Pennsylvania artist who created large-scale mobile and stabile sculptures
Auguste Rodin: a famous French sculptor who created The Thinker
Henry Moore: a famous English sculptor who created large sculptures of reclining figures and family groups
Claes Oldenburg: an American sculptor who made large-scale Pop Art sculptures of large everyday objects
Andy Goldsworthy: A British environmental sculpture artist who makes works from natural materials like sticks, stones, leaves
Importance of Art: Written Response
– Be able to list reasons as to why art is important
– Understand how art has impacted the world
– Understand how art can be used in your everyday life
– Understand how art can relate to other subjects (i.e. math, reading, science, social studies, etc.)
Art has affected the way we view the world today in many ways. Art can be important in life even if you don’t plan on being an artist.
Stress reliever, helps to express the way your feel, way to communicate & explain ideas.
Helps to build relationships when you learn how to give/receive critical response without getting upset/taking it personally.
Helps to utilize different parts of your mind in a way that enriches you developmentally.
People involved in the visual arts/ music/performing arts statistically do better in test taking and overall well -being.
Colleges often look for people who have diverse interests and experiences as it shows a sense of well roundedness.