Name___________________________________ 6th Grade Final Exam Review Section____HR# _________
Art Elements/Terms Matching
Value: highlights, shadows (lightness & darkness) & range of grays in an artwork
Texture: How surface of an object may feel /appears to feel
Blending: mixing two colors together gradually
Line: Path of a point moving through space: examples include vertical, horizontal, diagonal
SHAPES: 2-D objects: Geometric : A two-dimensional, flat looking figure: examples include circle, triangle, square
Organic/Free-Form: two-dimensional figures that cannot be named and may be irregular
Form: 3-D object that has length, depth and width: examples include a cube, cylinder, sphere, cone, etc..
Space: The area around objects
Commission: When someone hires an artist to create a work of art to their specifications
Medium: The type of material used to create a work of art Ex: graphite, watercolor, crayon, clay…
Primary: The three colors (red, yellow, blue) that can be mixed to create all other colors
Complementary: Colors that are opposite on the color wheel ex: Red & Green, Blue and Orange, Yellow & Purple
Analogous: Colors next to each other on color wheel ex: red, red-orange, orange
Neutral: Colors include black, white, gray, brown
Warm: These three colors: red, orange, yellow Cool: These three colors: green, blue, purple
Tint: created when white is added to paint Shade: created when black is added to paint
Linear Perspective: drawing technique that makes objects appear 3-D on a flat surface: (1 point, 2 point, 3point)
Atmospheric Perspective: distant objects appear smaller, less detailed, faded, distorted color & fuzzy/hazy edges
Horizon Line: separates the sky from the ground; also eye level
Converging: Lines that seem to come together when they travel into the distance.
Vanishing Point: imaginary point on horizon line where lines come together and disappear in the distance.
Tortillion: Tool used to blend pencil; made of rolled paper
Kneaded: Flexible eraser that is used to erase values
Watercolor: paint that uses water and pigment
Oil Pastel: A drawing material similar to a crayon that can be easily blended
Acrylic: paint that is permanent, fast-drying & thick
**Things to note: -Art has affected the way we view the world today in many ways. Art can be important in life even if you don’t plan on being an artist
– Some Examples: Stress reliever, helps to express the way your feel, way to communicate & explain ideas, helps to build relationships when you learn how to give/receive critical response without getting upset/taking it personally. Helps to utilize different parts of your mind in a way that enriches you developmentally. People involved in the visual arts/ music/performing arts statistically do better in test taking and overall well -being. Colleges often look for people who have diverse interests and experiences as it shows a sense of well-roundedness.
Art Movements / Art Styles: ERA’s and Time Periods & Important Artists of Each Style
Prehistoric: Artworks are the earliest recorded images; many are found on cave walls
Renaissance (1300s-1600s): means rebirth it was a time in history where art, literature, science, philosophy and learning were growing in this European city & country and Florence, Italy . The art generally was:
1) Influenced by Classical Greek & Roman works, 2) realistic & religious 3) Used symmetry & proportion
Major Artists of the Renaissance: *remember your FOUR Ninja Turtles
1) Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Famous for “Mona Lisa”, “The Last Supper”, various inventions
2) Michelangelo (1475-1564) Famous for The Sistine Chapel ceiling, “La Pieta” & David
3) Raphael (1483-1520) Famous for “The School of Athens” (perspective painting w/ philosophers)
4) Donatello (1386-1466) Famous for sculptures of various religious figures, ( 2 David sculptures)
Invention of Camera :1838- Daguerreotype. photography Civil War (1861)- 1st to be photographed in US.
Impressionism: began in 1860s France; painted w/ small brushstrokes & various colors to suggest light
Claude Monet (1840-1926): French, famous series of “Water Lilies” and his bridge paintings.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890):Dutch, Heavy brushstrokes, bold color & mood – “Starry Night”
Pointillism: Post impressionist technique using only painted dots & “viewers eyes do the mixing”
Georges Seurat(1859- 1891)French. Known for Pointillism & painted “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte”
Cubism: began in the early 1900s in uses very abstract, geometric shapes & multiple points of view
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973): Spanish artist famous for creating works like: The Three Musicians
Surrealism: began in the early 1920s; unexpected images to create surprising and dream-like art.
Salvador Dali (1904-1989): Spanish artist who is famous for works such as “Persistence of Memory”
M. C. Escher: (1898-1972) Holland artist: surrealism, tessellations, infinity, cycle of Life, Metamorphosis
Abstract Expressionism: a movement in the early 1940s (after WWII) New York City expressed themselves
Wassily Kandinksy Russian (1866-1944): inspired by music, especially the work of Richard Wagner
Jackson Pollock American NYC (1912-1956): did Action painting: splattered paint onto large canvases
Pop Art: began 1950s in Britain; uses images from popular culture: advertisements, comics & mass culture
Andy Warhol (1928-1987): American, Pittsburgh, PA famous for his images of everyday objects like his “Campbell’s Soup Can” and famous people such as Marilyn Monroe