“Thyroid conditions are very common among women. A national U.S. healthcare quality survey found that about 13 million women ages 18 years and older received treatment for a thyroid disorder in 2008. There are two main kinds of thyroid disorders, hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid).
Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, is caused by the thyroid gland producing more thyroid hormones than the body needs. Hyperthyroidism is commonly caused by Graves’ disease, Thyroid Nodules, Thyroiditis, or some medications. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Weight loss Diarrhea
- Palpitations Feeling anxious or jittery.
- Increased sweating Feeling hot
- Trouble sleeping Changes in your period (usually lighter)
Treatment options include anti-thyroid medicines, radioactive iodine, or surgery.
Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is most commonly caused by Thyroiditis, having the thyroid removed, radioactive iodine treatment, and some medications. Symptoms appear gradually and include:
- Weight gain Feeling Cold
- May reduce risk for osteoporosis Constipation
- Depression Fatigue (feeling very tired)
- Hair Loss Changes in your period (usually heavier)
Treatment is taking thyroid medication (a pill) daily to provide your body with the right amount of thyroid hormone.”