Curriculum – Grade 7


Grade 7 Mathematics    

 

  Pre Algebra A   Pre Algebra    Algebra I

What your child will learn



  • Variables and expressions
  • Exponents
  • Operations with positive rational numbers (fractions and decimals)
  • Solving linear equations and inequalities
  • Coordinate graphing
  • Graphing linear equations
  • Data analysis
  • Ratios, proportions, and percents
  • Geometry
  • Integers



  • Variables and expressions
  • Operations with integers, rational numbers (positive and negative) and real numbers
  • Solving linear equations and inequalities
  • Exponents
  • Coordinate graphing
  • Graphing linear equations
  • Ratios, proportions, and percents
  • Data analysis
  • Probability
  • Geometry
  • Pythagorean Theorem


  • Operations with real numbers
  • Simplifying numeric, algebraic, exponential, and polynomial expressions
  • Strategies for solving linear equations, formulas, and inequalities
  • Strategies and essential parts needed for graphing linear functions
  • Strategies for solving systems of linear equations
  • Polynomial factoring
  • Operations with radicals
What your child will do 
  • Use appropriate operations to solve problems and justify solutions
  • Solve linear equations using appropriate algebraic strategies
  • Communicate mathematically and use logical reasoning to make conjectures and verify solutions
  • Use operations to solve problems involving whole numbers, decimals, fractions, percents, rates, area, perimeter, and volume
  • Use operations to analyze data from graphs
  • Use/make tables or organized lists
  • Draw pictures and diagrams
  • Work individually and in groups to solve problems
  • Evaluate rational and irrational numerical expressions using correct order of operations
  • Evaluate algebraic expressions
  • Solve linear equations and inequalities
  • Graph linear functions using a variety of methods
  • Simplify exponential expressions
  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide polynomials
  • Factor polynomials using a variety of strategies


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Algebraic expressions
  • Equations
  • Tables and graphs
  • Concrete and pictorial models for use in determining perimeter, area, and volume
  • Various problem-solving models
  • Efficient use of calculators
  • Equations and inequalities solved using algebraic strategies
  • Graphs and number lines used to display solutions
  • Various models and strategies for problem-solving
How you can help 
  • Ask students what they are learning and why they are learning it
  • Ask students to explain their problems and solutions
  • Discuss vocabulary words and their meanings
  • Ask about methods, vocabulary, and reasonable solutions
  • Ask students to explain the procedure he/she used in each problem
  • Recognize any and all effort
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources


Grade 7 Reading/Language Arts 

 

  Literature   Vocabulary   Grammar Written and Oral Communication

What your child will learn



  • Common literary elements/devices used in fiction and nonfiction
  • Characteristics of different literary genres
  • Reading, fluency and comprehension strategies
  • Poetic form and function of poetry


  • Fifteen units of 20 vocabulary words each including definitions, synonyms, and antonyms
  • How to use vocabulary words in context
  • Short story and novel terminology
  • How authors use vocabulary and figurative language


  • Eight parts of speech
  • Types of sentences and various sentence structures
  • Proper usage of words and syntax within sentences
  • The Five-Paragraph Essay

        (expository and persuasive) as  

        well as narrative forms

  • How to write poetry, plays, and

        short stories

  • A process approach to writing
  • Formal listening, speech and presentation skills
  • Formal research strategies
  • Writing Traits
What your child will do 
  • Read selected pieces of

       literature and analyze   

       literary elements/devices

  • Utilize different reading

       strategies

  • Differentiate between types of text
  • Build upon fluency and reading comprehension (inferring, questioning, mental imaging)
  • Discuss and analyze poetic forms
  • Identify plot elements, main ideas and details in text
  • Learn and implement new vocabulary including synonyms and antonyms
  • Apply vocabulary words into the context of their own writing and other situations


  • Implement correct sentence structure
  • Identify parts of speech
  • Identify and edit their own grammar mistakes
  • Diagram sentences
  • Use the writing process to write several five-paragraph essays (expository, persuasive) as well as narrative pieces
  • Write poems, plays, and short stories
  • Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations
  • Participate and practice researching skills including locating , organizing, summarizing and presenting information
  • Practice presentation skills
What you’ll see (products) 
  • Visuals focusing on learned information
  • Different genres/texts including novels and poetry
  • Reading logs
  • Vocabulary book exercises
  • Visuals and study cards of vocabulary words
  • Written projects utilizing vocabulary words


  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Student and teacher-generated notes, examples, and practice materials


  • Final and rough copies of writing examples, including 5-paragraph essays
  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Creative projects (posters, newspapers, poems, etc.)
How you can help 
  • Encourage reading at home
  • Question your child about what they are reading
  • Read novels, newspapers, magazines, etc. with your child
  • Help your child find reading materials he/she enjoys
  • Create a reading schedule for reading longer materials
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage your child to create and review vocabulary flash cards
  • Participate in review games at home
  • Discuss the words used in real-life situations.
  • Encourage your child to complete the vocabulary bookwork independently
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage and participate in review games surrounding grammar
  • Encourage your child to edit any writing piece to be grammatically correct
  • Encourage your child to seek help if confused on any grammar concepts
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage your child to practice writing at home
  • Help your child research topics
  • Practice formal speech
  • Encourage your child to use graphic organizers
  • Encourage your child to plan out his/her writing ideas before completing the final project
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


                              

Grade 7 Science 

 

The Nature of Science          Biological Science Earth and Space Science Environmental Science

What your child will learn



  • How to interpret and explain a variety of scientific data
  • How to use scientific instruments safely to make measurements
  • The steps used in the scientific method
  • Conversions from English to Metric Units
  • Characteristics of living things
  • Types of cells and organelles and their functions
  • Proper use of a microscope
  • Classification systems of living organisms
  • Principles governing genetic rules and traits
  • Basic elements of meteorology
  • Essential ideas about the composition and structure of the universe and Earth
  • Human’s role in space
  • The water cycle and its relationship with weather conditions
  • Causes of weather behavior
  • Basic ecological principles with particular emphasis on PA wetlands, agriculture, biodiversity, endangered species, etc.
  • Roles of consumers, producers and decomposers
  • The interdependence of species in an ecosystem
  • How species change
What your child will do 
  • Select appropriate equipment to measure size, weight, shape, and temperature of living and nonliving objects
  • Interpret data, formulate and design models, and predict solutions
  • Generate questions about objects, organisms, and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigation
  • Conduct experiments using the scientific method
  • Use scientific equipment to study the characteristics of life and preserved specimens
  • Classify organisms according to modern taxonomy
  • Perform activities to demonstrate how traits are inherited
  • Identify organisms using a microscope
  • Discuss current events (cloning, genetic disorders, human genome project, etc)
  • Engage in various lab activities reinforcing concepts of meteorology
  • Use scientific tools to measure and record meteorological data
  • Engage in simulations to investigate celestial bodies, life in space, and space exploration
  • Analyze natural and human events on Earth
  • Participate in Astronomy Day activities
  • Create projects relevant to PA ecology
  • Create a food chain, food web, and food pyramid
  • Describe human impacts on ecosystems
  • Discuss interrelationships between organisms in an ecosystem
  • Identify how one species can impact other species’ survival
  • Explain natural selection and its relationship species’ adaptations
What you’ll see (products) 
  • Lab activities following the steps of the scientific method
  • Problem-solving activities
  • Graphs, tables, charts
  • Independent Science Fair project (GHP only)
  • Lab activities, dichotomous keys and field guides to identify/classify organisms
  • Various projects related to bioengineering, DNA, cell diagrams, etc.
  • Cell diagrams/ projects, Punnett Squares, etc.
  • Student-created projects involving both meteorology and astronomy
  • Weather logbook/ observations
  • Diagrams, concept maps, illustrations of universe/ solar system/Earth composition
  • A heightened awareness of human impact on the environment, both globally and locally
  • Food chains, food webs, energy pyramids in relation to producers, consumers and decomposers
How you can help 
  • Encourage your child to use the scientific method to solve everyday problems
  • Assist your child with the Science Fair project (GHP only)
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Dialogue with your child about different biological systems and how they work
  • Discuss current event topics that are relevant
  • Discuss genetic trends in your family
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Share unique experiences that can show appreciation of space ( watch meteor showers, view planets, identify moon phases, etc)
  • Have students watch weather reports and current weather patterns
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage family-shared outdoor activities
  • Discuss/assess family impact on local environmental resources
  • Reinforce “green” concepts such as recycling and conserving energy
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


                                                                                                                                                  

Grade 7 Social Studies

 

   History Geography Civics and Government   Economics

What your child will learn



  • How societies in the following ancient cultures rose and fell in power and influence: Greece, Rome, Medieval Europe, Russia, Byzantine and Islamic Empires
  • The major religious and political leaders of these ancient societies
  • How people in these societies both cooperated and fought one another for land and resources
  • The impact of religion on the lives of ancient people
  • Overview of early Pennsylvania history
  • How geography affected the growth of civilizations
  • Why most early settlements began near major rivers
  • The role natural environments have played on the impact of human activities
  • How ancient civilizations adapted to their surroundings
  • Map skills identifying the locations of ancient societies including their physical and human geographic characteristics.
  • Pennsylvania’s major geographic regions
  • How ancient societies organized themselves into political and social hierarchies
  • How early attempts at governments brought order and stability to their societies
  • Greek, Roman, and Medieval civilizations’ impact on the modern world
  • The cultural, economic, historical and governmental development of Pennsylvania
  • The impact of both food shortages and food surpluses on the decisions made by early societies
  • How people used agriculture and resources to advance their technologies and to create trading relationships between societies
  • Commerce and trade in the ancient world
  • Growth of trade and banking during the Middle Ages
  • The development of free markets and capitalism
What your child will do 
  • Read selected passages about the history of ancient cultures and Pennsylvania
  • Use primary and secondary source documents to learn about the culture, daily life, and attitudes of the past
  • Participate in project-based learning experiences
  • Participate in activities that demonstrate the five themes of geography
  • Use historical maps of ancient societies and early Pennsylvania
  • Participate in activities that bring awareness about diverse cultural groups
  • Participate in historical research using primary and secondary sources
  • Use primary and secondary source documents to learn about ancient and modern governments
  • Compare/contrast ancient and modern governments
  • Identify economic causes for Rome’s collapse
  • Trace the development of modern banking and trade to the Medieval sources
What you’ll see (products) 
  • A five-paragraph written project about Greek or Roman themes
  • Graphic organizers and timelines
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills
  • Five Theme’s of Geography project
  • Maps (throughout the year)
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills
  • A Greek or Roman project
  • Creative writing activities
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills


  • Maps that highlight the development of civilizations and major trade routes
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills


How you can help 
  • Dialogue with your child about history, making connections between the modern world and the historical events and people that created it
  • Encourage your child to watch the news and/or read the newspaper
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Allow your child to become involved with travel decisions and planning
  • Encourage your child to use maps and point out geographic features in the environment
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources


  • Encourage your child to be involved in civic/community groups
  • Expose your child to different cultural traditions
  • Encourage your child to watch the news and/or read the newspaper
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Work with your child to create a personal or family budget that tracks personal income and spending
  • Point out to your child the different products you own that are made in foreign nations
  • Encourage your child to watch news and/or read the newspaper
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources


Grade 7 Exploratory Subjects 

 

  Health  Physical Education General Music   Art

What your child will learn



  • Various aspects of mental, physical and social health and how they are related
  • The structure and function of the Skeletal, Muscular, and Cardio/Respiratory Systems
  • The effects of drug, alcohol and tobacco use as well as techniques for their avoidance
  • How moderate to vigorous physical activity affects heart rate
  • Social skills that enable success in competitive and cooperative activities
  • Key elements of movement in exercise and sport
  • How to incorporate physical activity into a daily routine
  • Note reading and music literacy
  • Rhythmic and melodic composition
  • Compositional techniques
  • Specific uses of technology in music


  • Elements and principles of design
  • Basic art history and criticism
  • Aesthetics
  • The role of art in the community
  • How to express ways of life through art
  • Painting techniques
  • Connections between art and other subjects
What your child will do 
  • Develop skills to make healthy lifestyle decisions
  • Identify components of health as they relate to the well-being of individuals/families
  • Research current information about drug use relevant to their age
  • Identify aspects of the Skeletal, Muscular, Cardio/Respiratory Systems and examine their relationship to the body
  • Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activities in individual and team sports
  • Participate in exercises to develop physical fitness
  • Participate in fitness testing
  • Discover life-long physical activities


  • Experience music through singing and playing classroom instruments
  • Compose music using traditional methods and through modern technologies
  • Identify and emulate modes of expression
  • Create various forms of art in different mediums
  • Create the appearance of

        3-dimensional space on

        2-dimensional surfaces

  • Respond in both written and verbal forms to works of art


What you’ll see (products) 
  • An understanding of the importance of making healthy choices
  • Increased understanding of the various body systems’ and their function within the body.
  • Increased awareness of peer pressure and societal trends regarding drug use/abuse
  • Plans for life-long fitness and goals for improvement
  • Measurements of the student’s own physical performance in certain activities/skills


  • Rhythmic and melodic composition
  • Lyric writing
  • Computer-generated composition
  • Small and large group

       in-class performances

  • Various works of art created by your child including drawings, prints, and sculptures


How you can help 
  • Communicate with your child about good personal hygiene and making healthy decisions
  • Support your child as they use the information they learn to make good health decisions
  • Communicate with the health education instructor at your school regarding questions or problems involving adolescent health
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Visit your local community centers to become involved in physical activities
  • Encourage your child to participate and support his/her involvement in activity-based programs
  • Communicate with the physical education instructor at your school
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage your child to take Band, Chorus, or Orchestra in addition to General Music
  • Play a variety of music in your household
  • Take your child to musical performances
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage creative art time at home
  • Attend art shows and community events
  • Display your child’s art at home
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online