Curriculum Grade – 5

Fifth Grade
The students will …


  • Read independently – use before, during, and after reading strategies
  • use vocabulary from various subject areas
  • summarize
  • clarify and extend ideas in text
  • demonstrate fluency and comprehension
  • Read critically in all content areas – read and understand essential content of informational texts, make inferences
  • determine author’s purpose
  • evaluate media as information source
  • Read, analyze, and interpret literature – compare literary elements among texts
  • describe use of literary devices to convey meaning
  • read and respond to poetry and drama
  • learn origin of words
  • recognize formal/informal speech
  • Writing - write multi-paragraph, narratives using literary devices and elements; well developed multi-paragraph informational pieces; persuasive pieces clearly stating position with supporting detail
  • use writing process
  • write with distinct focus, logical order with transitions
  • use precise language and varying sentence types
  • maintain a consistent voice
  • edit for conventions of language
  • Speaking and listening – use appropriate speech making skills
  • participate in small and large group presentations and discussions
  • conduct interviews
  • access reliable media for learning
  • Research – locate information using traditional and electronic search tools
  • organize and present research


  • Read, write, compare, and order numbers to billions
  • Read, write, and order decimals through thousandths
  • Compute sums / differences of whole numbers greater than 10,000
  • Add / subtract decimals involving tenths, hundredths, thousandths
  • Multiply / divide whole numbers with products / quotients greater than 10,000
  • Multiply / divide decimals up to thousandths
  • Construct and interpret graphs and tables
  • Find the mean, median, mode, and range of a given set of data
  • Apply probability skills
  • Analyze the geometric concepts of angles, polygons, lines, and circles
  • Understand the concepts of congruence, similarity, and symmetry
  • Add, subtract, multiply fractions and mixed numbers
  • Understand the customary and metric systems of measurement including time and temperature
  • Compute perimeter and area of polygons and circumference of circles
  • Determine volume, surface area, weight, and capacity of solid figures
  • Compute and analyze ratios, proportions, and percents
  • Use variables and integers to write algebraic equations
  • Determine and use appropriate estimating and problem solving strategies


  • Develop an understanding of our heritage through the chronological study of our history
  • Develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities we have as Americans
  • Analyze the causes and effects of historical events
  • Appreciate the commonalties and differences of people
  • Develop an understanding of government and its branches
  • Use research skills to participate in an independent history segment
  • Interpret illustrations, timelines, historical maps, and graphs


  • Identify the parts of flowering plants and explain various plant processes
  • Compare and classify plants according to specialized cells and structures
  • Describe specific structural adaptations of plants
  • Explain and describe properties of light and sound
  • Describe the function of lenses and their uses
  • Analyze the effect of light on color
  • Explain the hearing process
  • Identify methods of controlling, recording, identifying, and transmitting sound
  • Describe various tools used by astronomers
  • Illustrate the structure of the solar system and identify the properties of stars and galaxies


  • Learn the movement and control systems of the human body
  • Learn about basic human growth and development
  • Learn about the physical and psychological changes of puberty
  • Identify the effects of mind altering drugs
  • Recognize and resist peer pressure to abuse alcohol and drugs
  • Analyze and resist media pressure to abuse alcohol and drugs
  • Identify effective strategies for dealing with conflict and anger
  • Apply the decision making process for personal safety


  • Further skills in use of art materials and techniques
  • Know that art makes personal statements and can influence opinions
  • Understand why artists use specific elements in their art
  • Realize that form has mass and volume
  • Recognize that colors are infinite
  • Use color to control emphasis and composition
  • Use emphasis through the establishment of a focal point
  • Use texture to add interest in a work of art
  • Identify and use positive and negative space
  • Explore different materials and techniques to create free standing form
  • Study in depth historical and cultural movements in art


  • Develop singing voice emphasizing breath control and posture through multi-part score reading and singing
  • Optional participation in school-based choral program
  • Optional participation in small group instrumental instruction and district-wide performances (Band and Orchestra)
  • Identify major / minor tonalities
  • Study songs and music to support fifth grade Social Studies in Colonial America and early United States history
  • Perform various dance styles and choreographical movement
  • Apply all musical vocabulary (including rhythmic notation, expression, dynamics, tempo, and form) while singing and playing appropriate grade-level music


  • Understand personal fitness concepts
  • Participate in fitness testing
  • Adapt movement skills to the dynamic, changing environment of a game
  • Work in a cooperative group to attain a positive goal
  • Create a dance sequence


  • Define the characteristics of genres
  • Determine the type (primary vs. secondary) and format of information
  • Refine the list of possible sources to answer an information need
  • Select best sources based on accessibility, currency, and accuracy
  • Expand their knowledge of location tools to access information
  • Extract and interpret various informational formats
  • Refine note-taking strategies
  • Cite informational source using MLA format