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Curriculum – Grade 8

Grade 8 Mathematics

 

Pre Algebra B Algebra I Algebra II             

What your child will learn



  • Number sets: Integers, Rational, Irrational, Real
  • Proportions and percents
  • Properties of exponents
  • Graphing linear equations using tables and slopes
  • Solving linear equations
  • Concepts of Geometry: Perimeter, Area, Volume, Surface Area
  • Pythagorean Theorem
  • Probability and Data Analysis


  • Operations with real numbers
  • Simplifying numeric, algebraic, exponential, and polynomial expressions
  • Strategies for solving linear equations, formulas, and inequalities
  • Strategies and essential parts needed for graphing linear functions
  • Strategies for solving systems of linear equations
  • Polynomial factoring
  • Operations with radicals
  • Operations with rational, irrational, and complex numbers
  • Advanced polynomial, exponential, and rational operations
  • Advanced factoring
  • Solution methods for solving linear and quadratic equations and inequalities
  • Strategies to solve rational, absolute value, and radical equations
  • A variety of methods to graph linear and quadratic functions
  • Strategies to solve systems of equations
What your child will do 
  • Use appropriate operations to solve problems and justify solutions
  • Solve single-step and multi-step linear equations using appropriate algebraic strategies
  • Communicate mathematically and use logical reasoning to make conjectures and verify solutions
  • Use operations to analyze data from graphs
  • Use/make tables, organized lists, and diagrams
  • Utilize the appropriate technology available for mathematical computation
  • Evaluate rational and irrational numerical expressions using correct order of operations
  • Evaluate algebraic expressions
  • Solve linear equations and inequalities
  • Graph linear functions using a variety of methods
  • Simplify exponential expressions
  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide polynomials
  • Factor polynomials using a variety of strategies
  • Begin working on higher level problems with real-world applications
  • Utilize the appropriate technology available for mathematical computation
  • Solve linear, quadratic, rational, absolute value, and radical equations
  • Perform operations with real and complex numbers, polynomials, and rational expressions.
  • Graph linear and quadratic functions and inequalities
  • Solve systems of equations
  • Factor polynomials using a variety of strategies
  • Focus on higher level thinking for more complex algebraic problems
  • Utilize the appropriate technology available for mathematical computation


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Daily assignments concentrating on core problem solving skills
  • Projects focusing on applications for state standards
  • Algebraic and numeric expressions that have equal values
  • Equations, graphs, and tables
  • Concrete and pictorial models used in problem solving


  • Daily assignments concentrating on core problem solving skills
  • Projects focusing on applications for state standards
  • Equations and inequalities solved using algebraic strategies
  • Graphs and number lines used to display solutions
  • Various models and strategies for problem-solving
  • Daily assignments concentrating on core problem solving skills
  • Projects focusing on applications for state standards
  • Equations and inequalities solved using algebraic strategies
  • Graphs and number lines used to display solutions
  • Various models and strategies for problem-solving
How you can help 
  • Ask students what they are learning and why they are learning it
  • Ask students to explain their problems and solutions
  • Discuss vocabulary words and their meanings
  • Ask about methods, vocabulary, and reasonable solutions
  • Ask students to explain the procedure he/she used in each problem
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online


Grade 8 Reading/Language Arts

 

Literature   Vocabulary Grammar  Written and Oral Communication

What your child will learn



  • Strategies for analyzing and interpreting poetry
  • Literary terms and figurative language
  • Strategies to draw meaning from fiction and nonfiction
  • Common literary elements/devices used in fiction and nonfiction
  • Fifteen units of 20 vocabulary words each including definitions, synonyms, and antonyms
  • How to use vocabulary words in context
  • Short story and novel terminology
  • How authors use vocabulary and figurative language
  • Eight parts of speech
  • Types of sentences and various sentence structures
  • Proper usage of words and syntax within sentences
  • Mechanics of language, including phrases, clauses, and sentence parts
  • How to effectively diagram a sentence
  • The Five-Paragraph Essay       (expository and persuasive) as  well as narrative forms
  • How to write different genres of poetry
  • A process approach to writing
  • Formal listening, speech and presentation skills
  • Writing Traits
What your child will do 
  • Identify main ideas and details
  • Recognize similarities and differences among texts
  • Utilize reading strategies to increase literal comprehension
  • Analyze literary techniques
  • Identify elements of the plots
  • Read a variety of short stories including: Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, The Outsiders, The Wave, and Romeo & Juliet
  • Read ARP books throughout the year
  • Use new vocabulary including synonyms and antonyms
  • Apply vocabulary words into the context of their own writing and other situations
  • Participate in daily Grammar Practice
  • Identify parts of speech
  • Identify and edit their own grammar mistakes
  • Diagram Sentences



  • Use the Writing Process to compose five-paragraph essays (persuasive and expository) as well as narrative pieces
  • Practice presentation skills
  • Participate in interactive online writing activities
What you’ll see (products) 
  • Various reading strategies (talking-to-the-text, outlining, etc.)
  • Study guides
  • Reading logs
  • Student-created book projects, technology projects, storyboards, graphic organizers, and posters related to literature
  • Vocabulary book exercises
  • Visuals and study cards of vocabulary words
  • Written projects utilizing vocabulary words


  • Daily Grammar Practice notes
  • Weekly sentence sheets


  • Five-paragraph essays
  • Presentations
  • Creative projects (posters, newspapers, poems, etc.)
  • Journal writing


How you can help 
  • Read novels, newspapers, magazines, etc. with your child
  • Help your child find reading materials he/she enjoys
  • Encourage a reading time
  • When reading longer materials, create a reading plan to ensure the student finishes the book within the given time
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
  • Discuss the words used in real-life situations
  • Encourage your child to complete the vocabulary bookwork independently
  • Assist in studying (i.e. flashcards, etc.)
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
  • Encourage your child to edit any writing piece to be grammatically correct
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
  • Read aloud any writing pieces while encouraging your child to identify any mistakes in the writing
  • Encourage your child to plan out his/her writing ideas before completing the final project
  • Review and discuss the writing scoring rubric with your child
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online


Grade 8 Social Studies

 

   History Geography Civics and Government Economics/Law

What your child will learn



  • How immigrants contributed to the culture and the policies of the United States government
  • The importance of diversity in the Unite States through exploration of citizen profiles
  • The impact of Supreme court cases on citizenship
  • How the conflicts between the US colonies and England led to revolution and the Constitution
  • Map skills to analyze the flow of immigrants from around the world
  • How to use maps and charts to examine the pattern of immigration to the United States from 1900 to 2000
  • How our founding fathers created a lasting government
  • The structure of the three branches and levels of government
  • How the different levels of the American legal system function
  • U.S. Supreme Court Cases relevant to criminal defense and civil rights
  • The differences between criminal and civil law


  • The principle foundations of economic systems in the United States
  • How the government and the economy work together
  • How the United States criminal justice process works
  • The impact of advertising on a society
  • How the government protects consumer rights


What your child will do 
  • Explore American society and its values
  • Use primary and secondary sources to learn about our culture, values, and citizenship



  • Use maps and charts to identify origins of American immigrants
  • Work individually and in groups to answer questions and problem solve
  • Explore and compare the 3 branches of the government
  • Participate in project-based learning experiences and/or simulations
  • Use primary and secondary sources to understand the foundations of our government
  • Analyze/interpret US Supreme Court cases relevant to criminal defense and civil rights


  • Participate in project-based learning and/or simulations
  • Work individually and in groups to answer questions and problem solve
  • Participate in a mock trial and research civil cases
  • Analyze contracts and their importance to consumers


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Student-created notes that use the proper note-taking skills
  • Visuals related to learned information



  • Maps and graphics to analyze immigration
  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills.
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills
  • Visuals related to learned information


  • Visuals related to exploration of personal budgets
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills
  • Civil case research project



How you can help 
  • Share your family’s heritage with your child
  • Read and share literature about immigrants
  • Monitor your child’s grades and homework
  • Encourage your child to read maps while traveling
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
  • Encourage your child to read the newspaper and watch news as it relates to topics in class
  • Follow elections and share information with your child
  • Take your child along to the voting booth when you vote
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
  • Help your child to make a budget for their spending
  • Share your budget experiences
  • Monitor your child’s homework and grades online
Grade 8 Science

 

The Nature of Science             Physics Chemistry Environmental Science

What your child will learn



  • How to use scientific knowledge and instruments to conduct experiments
  • How to use experimental design to draw conclusions
  • Apply process knowledge to make and interpret observations
  • Problem-solving techniques through scientific inquiry
  • How to recognize energy conversions in everyday life
  • The use and application of simple machines
  • Concepts of potential and kinetic energy and how it is conserved/transferred
  • General properties of matter and how to identify different substances
  • Scientific theories and laws explaining how particles interact
  • Describe matter according to its physical and chemical properties
  • Differences between elements and compounds
  • Chemical properties that define the elements
  • How to analyze choices regarding renewable and non-renewable energy and materials
  • How to make environmentally- friendly decisions as a consumer
  • The positive and negative impact of environmental laws


What your child will do 
  • Use scientific tools and equipment safely
  • Design and perform scientific investigations
  • Describe materials and procedures quantitatively and qualitatively based on scientific observations
  • Draw conclusions and make decisions from experimental observations
  • Perform experiments to aid in understanding forces that affect the motion of objects
  • Activities and labs to observe, collect data, and draw conclusions about objects in motion
  • Build and evaluate simple circuits
  • Apply the principles of physics in an amusement park setting
  • Construct graphs and charts
  • Design models of elements, atoms, and their sub-atomic particles
  • Perform individual, hands-on, and group activities
  • Use lab experiments to solve problems and answer questions using teamwork


  • Participate in activities that encourage wise environmental choices and their related impact
  • Use scientific knowledge to explain energy use, consumption, and alternative energy options
  • Identify areas in the home/community where one could be more environmentally conscious


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Student-designed experiments that lead to critical thinking and scientific writing
  • Lab activities following the scientific method
  • Problem-solving activities
  • Graphs, tables, charts
  • Independent science fair project (GHP only)
  • Student-created projects and lab reports that demonstrate understanding of properties and structure of matter
  • Student-designed self-propelled vehicles
  • Lab notebook
  • Basic formulas to solve problems
  • Student-created scientific writing to explain observed concepts and effects
  • Periodic table and student generated/color-coded periodic table
  • Various projects/activities associated with the periodic table
  • Increased awareness of humans’ role in the environmental health of our community
  • An ability to make decisions based on analysis of scientific fact
  • Students advocating for the solution of environmental problems
  • Surveys/questionnaires
How you can help 
  • Discuss how scientific investigations allow a society to solve problems
  • Ask students about their investigations in science class
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage your child to research and deepen their understanding of scientific concepts to explain motion, forces, and waves
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Facilitate discussions related to recognizing different types of matter in everyday life
  • Support students in applying chemical concepts in everyday activities
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Keep students aware of environmental choices and factors that affect them
  • Develop dialogue related to local, state, federal, and world environmental problems
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online



Grade 8 Exploratory Subjects

 

    Health            Physical Education     General Music         Art

What your child will learn



  • Various aspects of mental, physical and social health and how they are related
  • The structure and function of the digestive, endocrine and reproductive systems
  • The effects of drug, alcohol and tobacco use as well as techniques for their avoidance
  • How moderate to vigorous physical activity affects heart rate
  • Social skills that enable success in competitive and cooperative activities
  • Key elements of movement in exercise and sport
  • How to incorporate physical activity into a daily routine
  • Critical listening skills
  • Analysis of the components of opera
  • Historical/social context of music from various eras
  • Different careers in available in art
  • Elements and Principles of Design
  • Basic art history and criticism
  • Aesthetics
  • Role of art in society
  • How to express ways of life through art
  • Connections between art and other subjects
What your child will do 
  • Develop skills to make healthy lifestyle decisions
  • Explain the structure and function of the body systems
  • Identify components of health as they relate to the well-being of individuals/families
  • Research current information about drug use relevant to their age
  • Identify aspects of the digestive, endocrine and reproductive systems and examine their relationship to the overall human body
  • Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activities in individual and team sports
  • Participate in exercises to develop physical fitness
  • Participate in fitness testing
  • Discover life-long physical activities


  • Sing alone and in small ensembles
  • Perform a skit or scene
  • Evaluate musical performances
  • Experience various time periods of music through listening examples, singing, and other modes of learning


  • Explore use of color with dry mediums
  • Work with ceramics
  • Figure drawing
  • Drawing, painting and sculpture
  • Create various forms of art in different mediums
  • Create the appearance of

       3- dimensional space on

       2- dimensional surfaces

  • Respond in both written and verbal forms to works of art


What you’ll see (products) 
  • An understanding of the importance of making healthy choices
  • Increased understanding of the various body systems and their functions
  • Increased awareness of peer pressure and societal trends regarding drug use/abuse
  • Plans for life-long fitness and goals for improvement
  • Measurements of the student’s own physical performance in certain activities/skills


  • Creative projects
  • Greater appreciation and understanding of various musical genres
  • Variety of artworks which may include:

       ceramic sculpture, dry medium,       

       figure drawing, and mixed media

       collages

How you can help 
  • Communicate with your child about good personal hygiene and making healthy decisions
  • Support your child as they use the information they learn to make good health decisions
  • Communicate with the health education instructor at your school regarding questions or problems involving adolescent health
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Visit your local community centers to become involved in physical activities
  • Encourage your child to participate and support his/her involvement in activity-based programs
  • Communicate with the physical education instructor at your school


  • Encourage your child to take Band, Chorus, or Orchestra in addition to General Music
  • Play a variety of music in your household
  • Take your child to musical performances
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


  • Encourage creative art time at home
  • Attend art shows and community events
  • Display your child’s art at home
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online