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Curriculum – Grade 6

Grade 6 Mathematics                                             

 

Numbers and Operations   Measurement and Geometry        Algebraic Concepts  Data Analysis and Probability 

What your child will learn



  • Divisibility rules to determine divisibility and factorization
  • How to find patterns and relationships between numbers and sets of numbers
  • Operations with whole numbers, integers, exponents, fractions and decimals
  • Number theory, including LCM and GCF
  • Ratios, proportions, and percents
  • Estimation of whole numbers decimals, and fractions
  • Conversions of metric to customary units
  • How to measure 3-dimensional and plane geometric figures
  • Coordinate graphing
  • Line and angle relationships
  • Classification and definitions of triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons
  • Perimeter, area, and volume
  • Introduction to algebra using step-by-step problem solving
  • Evaluating algebraic expressions
  • Order of operations
  • Solving one-step equations
  • How to draw conclusions based on appropriate use of statistics and concepts of probability
  • Methods of solving problems by collecting, organizing, displaying and interpreting data
  • How to identify and analyze different types of averages, including mean, median and mode.
  • Bar graphs, line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots


What your child will do 
  • Apply divisibility rules to other mathematical situations and problems
  • Use calculators to solve mathematical problems
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers, fractions and decimals
  • Convert between fractions, decimals, and percents
  • Know and use properties of real numbers: commutative, associative, distributive, identity
  • Measure items using Metric and English Systems.
  • Use a compass and protractor to measure and draw angles, lines and circles
  • Create and use scale models to represent physical objects
  • Graph ordered pairs on a coordinate plane
  • Find perimeter, area and volume of various shapes
  • Use both hands-on manipulatives and paper and pencil to solve basic algebraic equations
  • Evaluate numeric and algebraic expressions using correct order of operations
  • Find a missing number in a pattern displayed in a table, chart, or graph
  • Determine a rule based on patterns
  • Solve problems by collecting, organizing, displaying, and interpreting data into charts, graphs and tables
  • Conduct experiments of probability
  • Use ordered pairs to plot data on a coordinate grid
  • Calculate the mean, median, mode, and range


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Models of number lines
  • Computational problems solved using arithmetic operations
  • Concrete and pictorial models used to solve word problems
  • Labeled pictures and drawings of circles, angles, and 2-dimensional figures

        of circles, angles, and two-

  • dimensional figures
  • Geometric sketches and models
  • Calculations for finding perimeter, area, and volume
  • Written explanations of how problems are interpreted and solved in the student’s own words
  • Formulas and equations used to solve problems
  • Charts, tables, and graphs
  • Charts, graphs and tables drawn by the student
  • Models of probability situations


How you can help 
  • Encourage your child to show all steps his/her work when solving problems, even when using a calculator
  • Encourage your child to use the online textbook resources and tutorial
  • Discuss vocabulary words and their meanings
  • Ask students to explain the procedure he/she used in each problem
  • Practice basic math facts
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online


Grade 6 Reading/Language Arts                                                                                                                            

    Literature   Vocabulary Grammar    Written and Oral Communication 
  
  • Common literary elements/devices used in fiction and nonfiction
  • Characteristics of different literary genres
  • Reading, fluency and comprehension strategies
  • Poetic form and function of poetry
  • Fifteen units of 20 vocabulary words each including definitions, synonyms, and antonyms
  • How to use vocabulary words in context
  • Short story and novel terminology
  • How authors use vocabulary and figurative language
  • Parts of speech
  • Types of sentences and various sentence structures
  • Proper usage of words and syntax within sentences
  • A process approach to writing
  • Five-Paragraph Essay writing for expository, informational, descriptive, and persuasive pieces
  • How to write poetry, plays, and

       short stories

  • Formal listening, speech and presentation skills
  • Formal research strategies
What your child will do  
  • Read selected pieces of

       literature and analyze literary

       elements/devices

  • Utilize different reading

       strategies

  • Differentiate and evaluate types of text
  • Identify plot elements, main ideas and details in text
  • Participate in literature circles
  • Participate in the Accelerated Reading Program
  • Learn and implement new vocabulary including synonyms and antonyms
  • Apply vocabulary words into the context of their own writing and other situations


  • Identify and apply the eight parts of speech
  • Implement correct sentence structure
  • Identify parts of speech
  • Identify and edit their own grammar mistakes


  • Use the writing process to write several five-paragraph essays (expository, informational, descriptive, and persuasive)
  • Write poems, plays, and short stories
  • Give formal speeches to peers
  • Participate and practice researching skills including locating , organizing, summarizing and presenting information
  • Journal writing


What you’ll see (products) 
  • Visuals focusing on learned information
  • Different genres/texts including novels and poetry
  • Reading Logs/Journals
  • Reports and projects (oral and written)
  • Vocabulary book exercises
  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Written projects utilizing vocabulary words
  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Student and teacher-generated notes, examples, and practice materials


  • Final and rough copies of writing examples, including 5-paragraph essays
  • Visuals related to learned information
  • Creative projects (posters, newspapers, poems, etc.)
How you can help 
  • Encourage your child to read
  • Question your child about what they are reading
  • Read novels, newspapers, magazines, etc. with your child; make connections with everyday life
  • Help your child find reading materials he/she enjoys
  • Begin a set reading time
  • Create a reading schedule
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage your child to create and review vocabulary flash cards
  • Discuss the words used in real-life situations
  • Encourage your child to complete the vocabulary bookwork independently.
  • Study a little vocabulary each day
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage and participate in review games surrounding grammar
  • Encourage your child to edit any writing piece to be grammatically correct
  • Encourage your child to seek help if confused on any grammar concepts
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage your child to practice writing at home
  • Help your child research topics
  • Practice formal speech
  • Encourage your child to plan out his/her writing ideas before completing the final project
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online

  

Grade 6 Science   

 

The Nature of Science Physics  Chemistry Populations and Ecosystems Oceanography and Environmental

What your child will learn



  • Safe practices during science investigations
  • The steps used in the scientific method
  • How to use scientific knowledge and instruments to conduct experiments
  • Problem solving through scientific inquiry
  • Newton’s laws of motion
  • Relationships between mass, weight, volume, speed, distance, acceleration
  • Differences between forms of energy
  • How forces act on motion
  • Physical and Chemical properties of matter
  • Models of the atom and functions of subatomic particles (protons, neutrons and electrons)
  • Differences between elements compounds and mixtures
  • Properties of acids and bases
  • Energy transformation/ flow of energy in ecosystems
  • Natural cycles (water cycle, nitrogen cycle, Oxygen cycle, etc.)
  • Interactions between living and nonliving things
  • Relationships between organisms in food webs and food chains


  • Characteristics of salt and fresh water systems
  • Biological/chemical factors of the ocean
  • Physical features of different parts of the ocean
  • Patterns of earth’s movement in relationship to moon and sun and weather patterns
  • Environmental impact of human activity
What your child will do 
  • Use inquiry and the scientific process to problem solve
  • Collect, organize, and evaluate data
  • Communicate valid conclusions
  • Use scientific tools and equipment safely
  • Participate in experiments related to the Laws of Motion
  • Identify forces acting on objects
  • Give examples of how momentum is transferred between bodies


  • Participate in experiments related to chemical and physical properties of matter
  • Compare/contrast elements, mixtures, compounds, and solutions
  • Test for acids and bases using an indicator
  • Label parts of the atom
  • Participate in a hands-on field trip
  • Participate in an experiment related to the food chain of a barn owl
  • Diagram the different parts of natural cycles (water cycle, nitrogen cycle, and Oxygen cycle, etc.)
  • Classify organisms within ecosystems
  • Identify earth’s different ecosystems/biomes.
  • Determine biological and chemical effects on oceans
  • Classify ocean creatures
  • Label the different physical features of the ocean
  • Explain causes of currents and waves



What you’ll see (products) 
  • Lab Sheets/Investigations
  • Graphs, charts and data tables
  • Graphic organizers
  • Projects
How you can help 
  • Communicate about science and scientific happenings
  • Encourage your child to use the scientific method to solve everyday problems
  • Ask students about their investigations in science class
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • List harmful and helpful uses of friction
  • Support students in applying chemical terms and concepts in life’s everyday activities
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Record examples of chemical and physical changes that occur in daily life
  • List items in everyday life that are acidic/basic
  • Point out how different elements are used in everyday products
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Point out different organisms that live in different habitats or environments
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Keep students aware of choices made and factors that affect them (social, economic or environmental)
  • Develop dialogue related to local, state, federal, and world environmental problems
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online

Grade 6 Social Studies 

 

 

History Geography            Civics and Government Economics

What your child will learn



  • How societies in the following ancient cultures rose and fell in power and influence: Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, and Mesoamerica
  • The major religious, cultural and political leaders of these ancient societies
  • How people in these societies both cooperated with one another and fought one another for land and resources
  • The impact of religion on the daily lives of ancient peoples
  • How archaeologists uncover and interpret artifacts and information from the past
  • How early peoples met their basic needs of food, clothing, and shelter
  • How geography affected the growth of civilizations
  • The role natural environments have played on the impact of human activities
  • Map skills identifying the locations of ancient societies including their physical and human geographic characteristics
  • How humans have both adapted to and changed their environments to suit their needs
  • How ancient societies organized themselves into political and social hierarchies
  • The development of organized societies as they moved from small clans to farming communities, city-states, kingdoms, and finally to empires
  • How early attempts at governments brought order and stability to societies
  • The impact of both food shortages and food surpluses on the decisions made by early societies
  • How people used agriculture and resources to advance their technologies and to create trading relationships
What your child will do 
  • Read fiction and non-fiction passages about the history of ancient world cultures
  • Use primary and secondary source documents to learn about the culture, daily life, and attitudes of ancient people
  • Participate in historical research using primary and secondary sources
  • Participate in project-based learning experiences and simulations
  • Use maps, charts, and other data tables to both identify the locations of ancient societies and to interpret how geography shaped their lives
  • Participate in project-based learning experiences and/or simulations
  • Read fiction and non-fiction passages about civics and government in the ancient world
  • Work individually and in groups to answer questions and problem solve
  • Participate in project-based learning and/or simulations
  • Read fiction and non-fiction passages about early trading relationships and societies
  • Work individually and in groups to answer questions and problem solve
  • Participate in project-based learning and/or simulations
What you’ll see (products) 
  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills
  • Visuals related to learned

       information


  • Maps and other graphics to

        present geographic   

        information

  • Model representations of

       different regions, climates,  

       and world cultures

  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills.
  • Visuals related to learned

       information

  • Student-created notes that use proper note-taking skills.
  • Visuals related to learned

       information


How you can help 
  • Expose your child to different cultural traditions and customs
  • Visit museums and historical sites
  • Watch programs on History and Discovery channels together
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Encourage your child to use maps and point out geographic features in the environment
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Discuss current events and how these events were shaped by civic and political decisions from the past
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources
  • Point out to your child the different products you own that are made in foreign nations
  • Permit your child to earn an allowance
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Use online textbook and resources


Grade 6 Exploratory Subjects 

 

Health    Physical Education    General Music       Art

What your child will learn



  • Various aspects of mental, physical and social health and how they are related
  • The structure and function of the Immune and Nervous Systems
  • The effects of drug, alcohol and tobacco use as well as techniques for their avoidance
  • Identify aspects of the Immune and Nervous systems and examine their relationship to the overall human body


  • How moderate to vigorous physical activity affects heart rate
  • Social skills that enable success in competitive and cooperative activities
  • Key elements of movement in exercise and sport
  • How to incorporate physical activity into a daily routine
  • Note reading and music literacy
  • Rhythmic and melodic notation
  • Music from different cultures by singing, playing instruments, and listening to music
  • Elements and principles of design
  • Basic art history and criticism
  • Aesthetics
  • Roles of art in the community
  • How to express ways of life through art
  • Connections between art and other subjects
What your child will do 
  • Develop skills to make healthy lifestyle decisions
  • Explain the structure and function of the body systems
  • Identify components of health as they relate to the well-being of individuals/families
  • Research current information about drug use relevant to their age
  • Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activities in individual and team sports
  • Participate in exercises to develop physical fitness
  • Participate in fitness testing
  • Discover life-long physical activities
  • Sing
  • Perform on classroom instruments
  • Compose music
  • Listen to and analyze music forms
  • Identify and emulate modes of expression
  • Create various forms of art in different mediums
  • Create the appearance of

        3-dimensional space on

        2- dimensional surfaces

  • Respond in both written and verbal forms to works of art


What you’ll see (products) 
  • An understanding of the importance of making healthy choices
  • Increased understanding of the various body systems and their function within the body
  • Increased awareness of peer pressure and societal trends regarding drug use/abuse
  • Plans for life-long fitness and goals for improvement
  • Measurements of the student’s own physical performance in certain activities/skills


  • Research project
  • Brief musical compositions
  • Various works of art created by your child including drawings, paintings, and sculptures


How you can help 
  • Communicate with your child about good personal hygiene and making healthy decisions
  • Support your child as they use the information they learn to make good health decisions
  • Communicate with the health education instructor at your school regarding questions or problems involving adolescent health
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Visit your local community centers to become involved in physical activities
  • Encourage your child to participate and support his/her involvement in activity-based programs
  • Communicate with the physical education instructor at your school
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage your child to take Band, Chorus, or Orchestra in addition to General Music
  • Play a variety of music in your household
  • Take your child to musical performances
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online
  • Encourage creative art time at home
  • Attend art shows and community events
  • Display your child’s art at home
  • Monitor homework and your child’s grades online