Curriculum – Grade 4

Fourth Grade
The students will …


  • Learn to read independently – use before, during, and after reading strategies
  • acquire a reading vocabulary
  • extend ideas found in text
  • demonstrate fluency and comprehension
  • Read critically in all content areas – understand essential content in all academic areas
  • differentiate fact from opinion, essential from nonessential information
  • make inferences
  • Read, analyze, and interpret literature – compare use of literary elements
  • characters, setting, plot, theme, point of view
  • describe literary devices, figurative language
  • respond to poetry, drama
  • identify formal/informal speech
  • Writing – write multi-paragraph narrative pieces using literary devices and elements
  • write multi-paragraph informational pieces using cause/effect, problem/solution, relevant graphics
  • write persuasive pieces stating position and supporting detail
  • write with focus using well-developed organization
  • write with awareness of style
  • revise
  • edit for spelling, capitalization and punctuation
  • use parts of speech appropriately
  • Speaking and listening – ask relevant questions
  • contribute to discussions
  • participate in group presentations
  • Research - locate information using traditional and electronic search tools
  • organize and present research


  • Use numbers to count, locate, name, measure, and order
  • Identify place values and read numbers to six digits
  • Use place value to compare, order, and round numbers to the nearest ten or hundred
  • Solve word problem using strategies for both understanding and solving
  • Count and calculate with money, make change, and use decimals and dollar signs
  • Understand properties of + and x
  • Use fact families to relate inverse operations
  • Use mental math strategies and estimation to calculate
  • Write to explain and compare
  • Add and subtract 4-digit numbers with trading
  • Tell time to the nearest minute and calculate elapsed time
  • Collect, organize, display, and interpret graphs and tables
  • Learn basic multiplication and division concepts and facts
  • Write mathematical stories
  • Identify solids, shapes, lines, angles, polygons, symmetry, congruent figures, and motion
  • Find perimeter, area, and volume
  • Compare, order, and estimate fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers
  • Find equivalent fractions
  • Measure using customary and metric units for length, weight, temperature and capacity
  • Multiply and divide 2 and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number
  • Use probability concepts


  • Understand why communities started in certain locations
  • Recognize that communities are comprised of people from many cultures
  • Learn how people depend on each other for goods and services
  • Learn how the government works to solve local and regional problems
  • Understand the geography, the cultures, and the history of the Lehigh Valley
  • Identify features and locations on globes
  • Interpret data from charts and graphs


  • Identify the life cycles of plants and animals
  • Analyze changes in plants and animals and ways they survive
  • Evaluate how forms of energy effect matter
  • Synthesize how heat energy moves, changes matter, and is measured
  • Differentiate between advantages and disadvantages of various energy sources
  • Create a model of the water cycle
  • Identify effects of pollution and methods of conservation


  • Learn the basic systems of the human body
  • Recognize the importance of exercise, rest, and proper nutrition for a healthy body
  • Learn techniques to handle food and medicines safely
  • Develop an awareness of consumer health issues
  • Learn about how diseases are transmitted and how to control the spread of diseases


  • Increase proficiency in use of art tools
  • Use the elements principles of art and design to describe and create art
  • Know that shapes take up space and accurate shapes create realistic representations
  • Categorize colors into groups
  • Understand the function of art through examination of historical and cultural contexts
  • Use symmetrical and radial balance
  • Create unity through repetition, line, color, and shape
  • Recognize the relationship between texture and pattern
  • Compare and contrast historical and cultural contexts in art


  • Develop singing voice with repertory songs and play simple melodies and accompaniments on classroom instruments
  • Identify lines and spaces of the treble staff by letter name
  • Expand musical score reading by defining time signatures, first and second endings, codas, and dynamic levels
  • Introduce half and whole rests and dotted half notes
  • Study instrument families with differentiation between brass and woodwinds
  • Sing PA Dutch folk songs
  • Follow conductor instructions and cues while performing


  • Combine skills and concepts for purpose of rhythmic communication and expression
  • Apply simple offensive and defensive game strategies
  • Engage in movement skill sand fitness activities
  • Understand how exercise affects heart rate
  • Exhibit good health, safety, and conflict resolution practices during sports and game


  • Identify various genres
    Determine the type of information needed (fact vs. opinion)
  • Expand a list of possible sources to answer an information need
  • Select best sources based on accessibility Develop additional search strategies using the library catalog
  • Locate and access search information from print and electronic resources
  • Identify examples of informational formats
  • Develop note-taking strategies by writing facts beginning with verbs
  • Cite sources of information