Curriculum – Grade 2

Second Grade
The students will …


  • Learn to read independently – use before, during, and after reading strategies; phonics, picture and context clues, make and revise predictions
  • increase sight vocabulary
  • demonstrate fluency
  • develop comprehension skills and strategies
  • Read critically in all content areas – understand essential content in all academic areas
  • differentiate fact from opinion
  • make comparisons
  • Read, analyzing, and interpreting literature – identify characters, setting, and plot
  • identify literary devices in pattern books and predictable books
  • identify structure of poetry and drama
  • respond to nonfiction and fiction
  • Writing - write narrative and informational pieces; stories, poems, descriptions, and reports
  • write a series of related sentences
  • include a beginning, middle, and end
  • use descriptive adjectives and active verbs
  • revise writing
  • edit writing; spell most words correctly, use basic capitalization and punctuation correctly
  • use the writing process
  • Speaking and listening – listen to others and express themselves orally in group discussions
  • participate in giving reports and simple directions
  • Research - locate and use simple research tools for reports
  • learn to use table of contents, glossary


  • Utilize addition and subtraction strategies when solving one-digit, two-digit, and three-digit problems with and without regrouping
  • Apply problem-solving skills
  • Recognize, order, compare, and write whole numbers to 1000
  • Count and compare collections of money that include dollars, half dollars, quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies
  • Identify and match geometrical, plane, and solid figures
  • Identify and show fractions of a region
  • Identify and explore patterns
  • Telling time before and after the hour by counting five-minute intervals
  • Determine elapsed time
  • Complete, read and use a calendar
  • Use the terms for ordinal numbers first through thirty-first
  • Collect and analyze data from a table, survey, Venn-diagram, graph, and line plot
  • Estimate and measure length, height, perimeter, area, volume, capacity, mass, and temperature using customary and metric units
  • Use probability to record and analyze data
  • Understand concepts of multiplication and division


  • Develop an understanding of groups and communities
  • Use maps and globes to locate and identify land forms and bodies of water
  • Explain needs and wants
  • Learn about goods and services and the free enterprise system
  • Discuss America’s past
  • Identify famous Americans, important places and major holidays in America
  • Examine graphs and basic research materials
  • Demonstrate good citizenship


  • Differentiate the needs of living and non-living things
  •  Identify plant and animal adaptations to various habitats
  •  Investigate the basic qualities of light and light sources
  • Produce and identify the colors of the spectrum
  •  Describe and identify how forces affect motion and how motion is measured
  •  Demonstrate and understanding of sound waves, pitch, and volume
  • Classify dinosaurs by their characteristics
  • Investigate fossils
  • Observe weather changes
  • Observe changes in the day and night sky


  • Explore environmental and community health issues
  • Explore health service careers
  • Expand upon personal safety issues
  • Explore the benefits of proper nutrition and exercise
  • Discuss the use of alcohol and drugs


  • Gain skill in art tool use
  • Use principles of design
  • Create visual and tactile textures in artwork
  • Look at similarities in symbols between cultures
  • Use basic shapes to create symbols
  • Create a three-dimensional form from a two-dimensional image
  • Examine various historical and cultural movements in art and begin to recognize their influences upon art making
  • Know that art can express a personal experience


  • Develop singing voice with repertory songs
  • Expand music vocabulary to include: staff, treble clef, measures, line/space notes
  • Introduce musical score reading emphasizing skips, steps, leaps, repeats, verse and refrain
  • Introduce solfegge syllable names (Do, Re, Mi, etc.)
  • Introduce half and whole notes and reinforce quarter notes, eighth notes, and quarter rests and practice writing rhythm patterns
  • Identify different instrument family sounds (strings, winds, and percussion)
  • Create and perform movements with advanced gross motor skills
  • Study Native American culture through singing and dancing


  • Enjoy a variety of exploratory movement skills using many kinds of equipment
  • Meet developmentally appropriate health related fitness standards
  • Treat others with respect during physical activity Understand simple offensive and defensive game strategies


  • Increase awareness of various genres
  • Generate a list of possible sources to answer an information need
  • Utilize the library catalog to access materials through a title, author, and subject search
  • Use location tools such as table of contents and index to access information
  • Use information from source to write facts about a topic
  • Explain the rationale for citing sources