Curriculum – Grade 1

First Grade
The students will …


  • Begin to read independently – learn before, during, and after reading strategies; letter sound relationships, phonics, picture and context clues, prediction
  • learn sight words
  • retell a story
  • read familiar material aloud with accuracy
  • read fiction and nonfiction selections
  • develop comprehension skills and strategies
  • Reading, analyzing, and interpreting literature – identify characters, setting, problem solutions
  • identify literary devices used in pattern books, predictable books, and poetry
  • respond to literature
  • Writing – participate in writing a group story
  • write a simple story from personal experience
  • use specific nouns and active verbs
  • include a beginning, middle, and end
  • spell frequently used words correctly
  • use basic capitalization and punctuation correctly
  • print letters and numbers correctly
  • begin using steps of the writing process
  • Speaking and listening – listen and respond to a variety of text
  • respond using prediction
  • relate text to a similar experience
  • retell stories in sequence
  • participate in group discussions
  • participate in oral language activities; “show and tell”


  • Identify and create patterns
  • Understand numbers and number relationships
  • Learn and apply addition and subtraction strategies
  • Solve addition and subtraction facts to 18
  • Identify solid figures and plane shapes
  • Identify fractions of a whole or a set
  • Tell time to the hour and half-hour
  • Read and use a calendar
  • Recognize, order, compare, and write whole numbers to 100 including skip counting
  • Develop place value concepts for numbers up to 100
  • Recognize and count pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters
  • Measure length, capacity, weight, and temperature in customary and metric units
  • Add and subtract two-digit numbers with and without regrouping
  • Make and read graphs and tables
  • Use problem-solving skills


  • Learn that people are part of a family, neighborhood, community, country and world
  • Learn that people in these groups groups have rules to get along
  • Identify the state, country, and planet where we live Recognize the distinctive land and water features of our country
  • Identify some important natural resources and describe ways to protect them
  • Demonstrate a rudimentary grasp of “time lines”
  • Learn about U.S. history, symbols, holidays and famous Americans


  • Differentiate between plants and animals
  • Classify plants and animals according to distinguishing features
  • Identify the properties of a magnetic force
  • Classify objects based on magnetic properties
  • Describe the interaction’s between the Earth’s soil, rocks, and water
  • Identify how water flows and gathers


  • Practice proper body care
  • Learn proper nutrition
  • Practice safety procedures
  • Explore activities to build a positive self-esteem
  • Recognize the dangers of alcohol and drugs


  • Develop control through use of art materials and tools
  • Use line to divide space, represent objects, and decorate surfaces
  • Identify geometric and free form shapes Know surfaces have texture
  • Use primary and secondary colors
  • Identify symmetry
  • Categorize color according to mood or temperature
  • Use pattern as a decorative element
  • Know the difference between landscape, still life, and portrait
  • Explore historical and cultural movements in art


  • Perform repertory songs including game songs, nursery rhymes, folk songs, and patriotic music
  • Introduce concept of verse/refrain (chorus)
  • Perform a steady beat through singing, moving, and playing classroom instruments
  • Introduce rhythm and values of quarter notes, eighth notes, and quarter rests
  • Reinforce differences between loud/soft, fast/slow, and high low
  • Respond through movement to music


  • Show more developmentally advanced elements of selected movement skills
  • Experience activities involving basic movement patterns, coordination, strength , and endurance
  • Play cooperative large group games using good sportsmanship
  • Engage in activities for fitness


  •  Develop awareness of various genres
  • Define the terms: title, author, illustrator, copyright date, character, and setting
  • Recognize and locate books created by various authors and illustrators
  • Identify and located sources of information as nonfiction book, biography, print encyclopedia, dictionary, and website
  • Use information from a source to answer a question